You can read the context in Exodus 1:15-22.
See Exodus 2:1-10.; Moses & the Princess
I. Rescuing Moses (v.4-6)
A Jewish woman had just given birth to a son… during a time when the Egyptian Pharaoh had ordered all Hebrew boys to be killed (because the Hebrews were multiplying too fast and were becoming a threat of rebellion). The woman’s name was Jochebed; her baby was named Moses. She, of course, did not want her son to be killed, so – in desperation – she came up with a plan.
She made a basket of woven reeds and made it watertight with pitch – a tar-like substance – and took him to the Nile River. She surely did not simply cast him out aimlessly down the river; but, carefully put him in the grass by the river just upstream from the Pharaoh’s daughter, where she was sure to see him while bathing in the river with her maidens.
Pharaoh’s daughter, an Egyptian princess, discovered the Baby Moses and had compassion on him. Jewish tradition tell us her name was Bithiah.
II. Raising Moses (v.7-10)
Moses’ sister, Miriam, had been watching over her baby brother, and saw the princess find her. Miriam suggested to the princess that a young Hebrew mother be found to serve as wet-nurse to the baby. The princess agreed, so Miriam got her own mother – the baby’s own mother – to nurse her own child! Just another of God’s “coincidences”…
The baby was given the name Moses and was raised in the Pharaoh’s palace by Pharaoh’s daughter. Moses would be trained in the best that education had to offer… in all the religious, cultural, and political ways of Egypt. He was afforded every luxury one would expect from living in the royal family. This would serve him well in the days he would confront the Pharaoh for God.
God can use anyone – even pagans – to accomplish His plan.
Pharaoh’s daughter became an instrument in God’s plan to deliver Moses – and eventually His people – from her own father, the Pharaoh!
In doing so, Moses received a royal upbringing, a royal education, and royal training fit for a prince.
Pharaoh’s daughter did not follow God. But, God used her compassion and devotion to save Moses’ life and equip him for the important work that was still 40 years down the road.
God can – and does – still use unsaved people as instruments in our lives to accomplish His purposes.
You can read the story of the Pharaoh’s daughter in Exodus 2.