On the death of Tiglath-Pileser, Ululayu succeeded to the throne of Assyria on the 25th day of Tebet, 727BC. He then changed his name to the Akkadian name he is known by in history, Shalmanesser.
King Shalmaneser reigned over Assyria for only 5years, but in that time he changed the land and the people of Israel forever.
The Northern Kingdom – Israel – was already a subservient kingdom to Assyria when Shalmeneser became king, but, eventually, Israel’s king, Hoshea, rebelled. He turned to King So of Egypt to support him and refused to pay tribute money to Assyria. As a result, Shalmeneser invaded Israel and laid siege to Samaria – the capital city – for 3years!
Eventually the city fell, and the Assyrians deported many Israelites to faraway places in the Assyrian Empire (2Ki. 17). Unlike the Southern Kingdom – Judah, which would experience exile later, Israel would never fully recover from its exile. Instead, foreign people groups were resettled in Israel, and the resulting mixing of the population and their religions created the Samaritan people and religion. Israel would be dominated by these people and other non-Jews for the rest of biblical history, including the time of Jesus.
Shalmaneser died in the same year the “10 lost tribes” were deported, in 722BC. It is possible that the population exchanges were done by his successor, Sargon 2.
It was certainly a sad day for God’s people when Israel fell to Assyria.
The prophets had warned of its coming. Israel had so many opportunities to repent… and turn back to God. But, they chose to go their own way. And their own way led to captivity and/or exile.
God gives us so many chances… so many opportunities to get back on the right track. But, if we stubbornly choose to go our own way in our own will – rather than choosing God’s way and God’s will (which is always best for us, by the way) – we will also result in captivity to sin… and exile from God.
You can read the biblical account of Shalmaneser’s story in 2Kings 17,18.