Hymns of the 1900s (from 1900-1909)
America moved forward with an industrial purpose, with flight, and with assembly lines proving a revolution of commerce. Meanwhile, Teddy Roosevelt continued a mission to save the natural and historic treasures of the US.
– The Gold Standard Act was ratified, placing the US currency on the gold standard.
– The second modern Olympic Games was held.
– Carrie Nation continued her Temperance Movement to abolish the consumption of liquor.
– The 1900 census was conducted; the population of the US increased 21% since 1890.
– President William McKinley won his second term as president.
– L. Frank Baum wrote The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
– The first major oil discovery in Texas occurred near Beaumont.
– The American League of Major League Baseball declared itself a Major League after one season as a minor league.
– President William H. McKinley was shot at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, NY while shaking hands with fair visitors, following his speech at the event on President’s Day the day before. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt was inaugurated as President upon McKinley’s death.
– John Philips Sousa wrote Stars and Stripes Forever.
– The first Rose Bowl was held, pitting the college football squads of the University of Michigan and Stanford. Michigan won, 49-0, so it would be fourteen years until the second game.
– A ten million dollar gift from Andrew Carnegie led to the formation of the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C.
– The first movie theatre in the US opened in Los Angeles, CA.
– The island of Cuba gained independence from the United States.
– Willis Haviland Carrier, a native of Angola, New York, invented the air conditioner. He would patent the device in 1906 and his company would air condition such buildings as Madison Square Garden, the US Senate, and the House of Representatives.
– The first two-way wireless communication between Europe and the US was accomplished by Guglielmo Marconi when he transmitted a message from President Theodore Roosevelt to the King of England from a telegraph station in MA.
– The first cross-country automobile trip in the US is completed with arrival in NY. The trip began in San Francisco, and took 3 months and a week.
– The first modern World Series of Major League Baseball was held between the American and National Leagues after two years of bitter rivalry.
– Panama declared its independence from Columbia. The Panama government was recognized by President Theodore Roosevelt, and a canal treaty was signed, allowing the US led construction of the canal.
– Inventors Wilbur and Orville Wright succeeded in the first sustained and manned plane flight in Kitty Hawk, NC. They would patent the Airplane 3 years later.
– Jack London wrote The Call of the Wild.
– The Summer Olympic Games of 1904 were held in St. Louis, MO and were the first Olympic Games held in the western hemisphere.
– Cy Young, of the Boston Americans, pitched the first perfect game in the modern era of Major League baseball.
– Theodore Roosevelt won his first election for President after serving three years in the office due to the death of William McKinley.
– The first successful field tractor was invented by American Benjamin Holt, using a caterpillar track to spread the weight in heavy agricultural machinery.
– Corrine Morgan wrote Toyland.
– Picasso & Matisse were popular artists during this decade.
– The Rotary Club of Businessmen was founded in Chicago, IL.
– In the ruling of Lochner vs. New York, the 10-hour work day law and 60-hour work week law for bakers was overturned by the US Supreme Court. Work rule laws would be routinely overturned until the 1930s.
– The city of Las Vegas, NV was formed with the sale of 110 acres in the downtown area.
– Billy Murray wrote Give My Regards to Broadway & Yankee Doodle Dandy.
– The San Francisco earthquake occurred, estimated at 7.8 on the Richter scale. Its proximity to the epicenter of the San Andreas Fault and the subsequent fire that followed the quake and aftershocks left 478 reported deaths, although estimates later would peg that figure at nearly 3,000. Between $350-$400 million in damages were sustained.
– The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the US was formed to set rules for amateur sports in the US at the urging of President Theodore Roosevelt. It would become the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910.
– President Theodore Roosevelt granted protection to Indian ruins and authorized presidents to designate lands with historic and scientific features as national monuments. This act, now known as the Antiquities Act, would be utilized by Roosevelt to expand the National Parks system over his term.
– The first official trip abroad by a US president occurred when Theodore Roosevelt left for a trip to inspect the progress in the construction of the Panama Canal.
– Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle.
– DeWolf Hopper wrote Casey at the Bat.
– Another financial crisis occurred in the business community with the beginning of the Financial Panic and Depression of 1907.
– The RMS Lusitania, the largest ship at the time, was launched on its maiden voyage from London to New York. The ship would be sunk by a German U-boat in 1915 during WWI, costing 1,198 people their lives.
– The Oklahoma Territory and the Indian Territory were combined to form Oklahoma and were admitted into the Union as the 46th state.
– Frank Stanley wrote Auld Lang Syne.
– The tradition of dropping a ball in New York’s Times Square to signal the beginning of the New Year was inaugurated.
– The Grand Canyon Park was established.
– Technology moved forward as the first passenger flight on a plane occurred (Wilbur Wright was the pilot).
– The first production Model T was built at the Ford plant in Detroit, Michigan.
– The U.S. Bureau of Public Roads completed an initial 2 mile macadam surface through Cumberland Gap with the Object Lesson Road, one of the first efforts to test a hardened road.
– William Howard Taft was elected President.
– Billy Murray wrote Take me Out to the Ballgame.
– US troops left Cuba for the first time since the beginning of the Spanish-American War.
– Admiral Robert E. Peary, a Pennsylvania native, accompanied by 4 eskimos and a black man, Matthew Henson, arrived at the North Pole on their sixth attempt. He had set sail for the pole nearly one year earlier.
– The National Conference of the Negro was conducted, leading to the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
There were also several hymns you might recognize that were written during that first decade of the 1900s… though not as many as in previous decades. It seems that prosperous times that celebrated the accomplishments of man created a lesser demand for new songs to God. If all decades produced as few hymns as this decade did, church music would be much different!
1900… Joy Unspeakable; O That Will Be Glory
1901… This Is My Father’s World
1902… Give of Your Best to the Master
1903… Near to the Heart of God
1904… God Will Take Care of You; When the Morning Comes;
Jesus Is All the World to Me
1905… I Stand Amazed in the Presence; He Lifted Me
1906… Leave It There; Have Thine Own Way, Lord; His Eye Is On the Sparrow
1907… Joyful, Joyful, We Adore Thee
1908… In Christ There Is No East or West