Hymns of the 1910s

During the turbulent decade that started in 1910, the first in which the US was considered a world leader, conflict came to the entire world as the United States was drawn into the first World War against a foe that would not go away for 30 years, Germany. One million American men and boys were drafted and sent abroad to fight in that war. Women had to fill their places in factories.

In 1910:

–  The Boy Scouts of America is founded.
–  The census counted an increase of 21% over the previous 10 years.

–  American domestic tourism occurred with the establishment of Glacier National Park in Montana. Spurred by the development of the Great Northern Railroad, the See America First campaign encouraged US tourists before and during World War I to visit the western states and territories.

In 1911:

–  Eugene B. Ely landed his plane on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania for the first landing of a plane on a ship.
–  Standard Oil was declared an unreasonable monopoly by the US Supreme Court and ordered dissolved under the powers of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

–  The Indianapolis 500 auto race was run for the first time in Indianapolis, IN.
–  The law establishing the number of US representatives at 435 was passed.
–  Technology moved forward. The first modern zipper was patented, stainless steel was invented, and the first toaster was introduced. The first transcontinental airline flight from New York to California was begun. Henry Ford patented the Automotive Transmission.

–  The Phantom of the Opera was written by Gaston Leroux.

In 1912:

–  The American Girl Guides, renamed the Girl Scouts one year later, was formed.
–  Fenway Park in Boston opened.
–  Mt. Katmai in southwest Alaska erupted in one of the largest recorded volcanic expulsions in the history of the world.
–  The US Marines were sent to action in Nicaragua due to its default on loans to the US and its European allies.

–  The Titanic strikes an iceberg, and 1502 lives are lost because the ship did not carry enough lifeboats.
–  Woodrow Wilson overcame a 3-way race for the presidency when former President Teddy Roosevelt donned the nomination of the Progressive Party to tackle the election against Wilson and incumbent President and Republican William Howard Taft.

–  New Mexico and Arizona were admitted into the Union as States… making the total 48.

–  Tarzan of the Apes was written by Edgar Rice Burroughs.

–  The first US feature film, Oliver Twist, was released.

In 1913:

–  Grand Central Terminal, the world’s largest rail terminal, opened in New York City.
–  The 16th & 17th Amendments to the US Constitution was ratified; the 16th allowed the Federal government treasury to impose an income tax, the 17th set the policy for direct election of US Senators.

–  The construction of the Panama Canal came to a close.
–  The first moving assembly line was introduced and adopted for mass production by the Ford Motor Company, allowing automobile construction time to decrease by almost 10 hours per vehicle.

In 1914:

–  Babe Ruth made his major league baseball debut.

–  Germany declared war on Russia and France; Great Britain declared war on Germany as German troops invaded Belgium.  Japan also declared war on Germany.

–  Pres. Woodrow Wilson announced that the US would stay officially neutral in the European conflict that would become World War I. World War I hostilities had begun in June when the Archduke of Austria and his wife, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie, were killed by a Serb nationalist in Sarajevo. Hostilities began in July when Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia for failing to meet conditions set after the assassinations.

–  New York socialite Mary Phelps Jacob patented the Brassiere in the US.

–  Henry Ford revolutionized the auto company with the Model T.

–  Charlie Chaplin debuted his ‘Little Tramp’ character in Kid Auto Races at Venice.

In 1915:

–  Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas A. Watson conducted the first telephone conversation between New York and San Francisco.
–  The Rocky Mountain National Park was established.
–  The US Coast Guard was established.
–  The British ship Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat submarine, causing 128 American passengers to be lost. Germany, though it warned of the pending crises to passengers, issued an apology to the US and promised payments.

In 1916:

–  Pancho Villa raided Columbus, NM and other border towns along the Mexican and US lines with 1,500 troops, that would lead to Gen. John J. Pershing entering Mexico in pursuit of Villa with the 12,000 troops of the 7th and 10th U.S. cavalry.

–  Financial aid to farmers was awarded by the passage of the Rural Credits Act.

–  The National Park Service was officially created by Pres. Woodrow Wilson.

–  Woodrow Wilson won a second term as President.

In 1917:

–  The US government cut diplomatic ties with Germany.
–  Four days after receiving the request from Pres. Woodrow Wilson, the US Congress declared war on Germany and joined the allies in World War I.
–  The first troops from the US arrived in Europe to assist European allies in WWI. Troops engaged in WWI included soldiers drafted under the authorization of the Conscription Act, the Selective Services Act.

–  The 18th Amendment advocated prohibiting of alcoholic beverages in the US.

In 1918:

–  Time zones were officially established by an act of the US Congress, with daylight savings time going into effect.

–  By the middle of 1918, the US military forces had over one million troops in Europe fighting in WWI.

–  The Spanish flu spanned the globe, killing over 20 million worldwide and 548,000 people in the US.
–  Hostilities in WWI began to end with the Austria-Hungary alliance for armistice with the allies on November 3… Armistice Day.

In 1919:

–  The Treaty of Versailles was signed, ending World War I.
–  In the first major scandal in Major League Baseball, 9 players from the Chicago White Sox throw the World Series to the Cincinnati Reds. It is known as the Black Sox Scandal with players, such as immortal Shoeless Joe Jackson, banned from the game and Hall of Fame forever.

During this fast-moving time in the United States… and in the world, several – but not many – hymns were written that we still sing today.  Your favorite may be among the hymns written in this decade… and aren’t you glad they kept writing new hymns?

Such as:

1910…           Grace Greater Than Our Sin; He Keeps Me Singing;

Jesus, What A Friend for Sinners

1911…           Rise Up, O Men of God; Farther Along; Saved, Saved, Saved;

1912…           Sweeter As the Years Go By; Jesus Is Coming to Earth Again; Love Lifted Me

1913…           Brighten the Corner Where You Are; Old Rugged Cross; In the Garden

1914…           Since Jesus Came into My Heart

1915…           This Is My Father’s World

1917…           Living for Jesus

1918…           Wonderful Grace of Jesus

1919…           This World is Not My Home; Be Thou My Vision

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